Land Dispute 1963
原作者：编辑： Yve -
Sun Dawu: If you want to be a clean person, you can't do it
Author: Edit: Yve -
Source: China Digital Age
December 7, 2020
1. The Great Catch of Terror
An anonymous person interviewed by Southern Weekend said that the "disruption of production and operation" in the police report originated from a land dispute between Langwuzhuang Village, where Sun Dawu is located, and Xushui State Farm. In 1963, Langwuzhuang Village once handed over 740 acres of land to Xushui State Farm for cultivation. In fact, the latter occupies more than 2,000 mu of land. In order to confirm the land rights, the two sides have been arguing for several years. Later, Langwuzhuang Village leased the land to Dawu Plantation Company. On June 21 and August 4 this year, Dawu Group personnel and Xushui State Farm personnel clashed twice. In the second conflict, the Xushui District Public Security Bureau intervened and had a physical conflict with Dawu Group employees. More than 20 employees of Dawu Group were injured and 39 employees were arrested.
According to a report by VOA, Sun Dawu said in an interview later that the police clearly favored the Xushui State-owned Farm, "it was deemed that they belonged to the state, but in fact they were a group for personal gain in the name of the state."
* Mou, Chinese unit of land measurement that varies with location but is commonly 806.65 square yards (0.165 acre, or 666.5 square metres).
The central issue between Xushui State Farm and Dawu Group is a land dispute. There are thousands of land disputes throughout China every year. In most cases, they result in confiscation of the land at some point. Social unrest is created in the process.
The fact is that this particular land dispute began in 1963 or 58 years ago. The issue is not so much what happened in two incidents referred to as “6.21事件”and 和“8.4事件”in 2020 at a village in Langwuzhuang leading to eight charges against only one side in the dispute. Two questions should be asked. Why has the government not developed a satisfactory mechanism in 58 years to resolve disputes like these? Why hasn't the law been adequately reformed to avoid disputes?
China Business News: Sun Dawu’s new puzzle: What is a state-owned farm?
October 10, 2010
This expressway is called Rongwu Expressway. It runs from Rongcheng in Shandong to Wuhai in Inner Mongolia. It is an east-west trunk line in the "13 vertical and 15 horizontal" planned and constructed by the state. It runs through the whole of Hebei and passes through the Dawu Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Group. It is located in Xushui County, Baoding.
However, the Dawu Group, which covers an area of 225 acres, has not received the corresponding compensation for land acquisition, which makes Sun Dawu puzzled. "According to the "Notice of the People's Government of Hebei Province on the Implementation of the Land Price Requisition" (Jizheng  No. 132), I should be able to get 80% of the land compensation." He told reporters, "But now only for the land For the compensation for attachments, the compensation for land acquisition has not been paid.” The reason given is that Dawu Group is not the owner of the right to use these land.
In fact, the land was originally contracted and leased by Dawu Group from the local state-owned farm in Baoding. The contract period was 30 years, with 16 years before it expired. However, all land compensation was paid to the state-owned farm, Dawu Group Because he is not the owner of land use rights, no compensation will be given for the next 16 years.
"Freak" State Farm
In Sun Dawu's view, the state-owned farm is like a "freak": its business activities have nothing to do with superiors, profit and loss have nothing to do with superiors, and the amount of money earned is not handed over to the state or government. However, the superiors will still provide various compensations to the farms according to the agricultural land (the original situation was that farmers paid agricultural taxes, and the farms also paid agricultural taxes; now farmers enjoy a subsidy of more than 80 yuan per mu, and the farm also enjoys it), and the farm operates in a market economy. Being realistic I don't think it has anything to do with the State.
October 25, 2010
50 million Chinese left homeless by developers
Sydney Morning Herald
October 24, 2011
It’s a reversal of one of the core principles of the Communist Revolution. Mao Zedong won the hearts of the masses by redistributing land from rich landlords to penniless peasants. Now, powerful local officials are snatching it back, sometimes violently, to make way for luxury apartment blocks, malls and sports complexes in a debt-fueled building binge.
City governments rely on land sales for much of their revenue because they have few sources of income such as property taxes. They’re increasingly seeking to cash in on real estate prices that have risen 140 percent since 1998 by appropriating land and flipping it to developers for huge profits.
“The high price of land leads to local governments being predatory,” said Andy Xie, an independent economist based in Shanghai who was formerly Morgan Stanley’s chief Asia economist. “China’s land policy is really screwed up.”
The evictions are alarming the nation’s leaders, who have taken steps to tackle the problem and are concerned about social stability. Land disputes are the leading cause of surging unrest across China, according to an official study published in June. The number of so-called mass incidents -- protests, riots, strikes and other disturbances -- doubled in five years to almost 500 a day in 2010, according to Sun Liping, a sociology professor at Beijing’s Tsinghua University.
There’s more to come. Some 60 million farmers will be uprooted over the next two decades as the urbanization that propelled China to the world’s second-largest economy gathers pace, according to an estimate by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing. In many cases, officials take land they don’t use, an August report from the academy said.
Cheng Tiejun: Sun Dawu's "Capital Socialism" Dream (Part 5)
February 4, 2021
Da Wu continued, “For another example, the state encourages farmers to exchange vacant homesteads for our commercial buildings, which is conducive to the use of idle land and promotes urbanization. I built nine elevator houses with the replaced land quotas. I also got approvals from the Land Bureau and the Urban Construction Bureau. The government also collected corresponding taxes and fees. Unexpectedly, the new district chief of land would not agree with the approval of the former leader. Acknowledgment, insisted that we were building illegally, and claimed to be blown up for us. After a reasonable argument, the city leaders intervened in coordination, and the dispute was settled. Let us make up for the "change of use" difference before it is settled. This turmoil. If the definition of land rights is very clear, the land use supervision is also clear and easy to understand, leaving no ambiguity. Will there be so many frictions and disputes?" In response to this ambiguity, I asked friends in the system, and they said out of the mystery, it turns out that randomness is directly proportional to rent-seeking space. The greater the arbitrariness, the more opportunities to make money. Therefore, urban streets are under construction almost every year. After digging and repairing, and digging after repairing, there are rebates available for every construction.
Original title: Why was Sun Dawu arrested? Land disputes with state farms surfaced
November 15, 2020
Wu Danhong, director of the Difficult Evidence Center of China University of Political Science and Law and a part-time lawyer of Beijing Youbang Law Firm, recently wrote an article that the reason for Sun Dawu's sudden arrest after many years is most likely due to the aforementioned land dispute. Many years ago, Langwuzhuang Village had handed over 740 mu of land to the state-owned Baoding Farm for cultivation, but there have been people accusing the state-owned Baoding Farm for occupying more than 2,000 mu of land in Langwuzhuang Village. In order to confirm the land rights, the two sides have been arguing for several years. Later, Langwuzhuang Village leased the land to Dawu Seed Industry Company.
Since then, Dawu Group personnel and state-owned Baoding Farm personnel clashed repeatedly due to land confirmation issues, which eventually led to police intervention.
人身和财产权 Person and Property Rights
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