This list of hundreds of family surnames was compiled during the Sung Dynasty. It records family names during the Zhou Dynasty. The first name is that of the Emperor Zhou. The second name is that of the Prime Minister whose surname was Chen. The third name is that of Sun which was the largest family. Today, Sun is the twelfth largest family.
The couplet for the surname Sun is,
願乘風破萬里浪,---Yuan4 cheng2 feng po4 wan4 li3 lang4,
甘面壁讀十年書.---Gan mian4 bi4 du2 shi2 nian2 shu.
Daring to ride the wind and brave the waves for ten thousand miles,
I endure to lock myself up and study for ten years.
(By Sun Wen 孫文 the Founder of the Republic of China).
Sun Yat-sen (Sun Wen) remains unique among 20th-century Chinese leaders for having a high reputation both in mainland China and in Taiwan. He is seen as the Father of the Republic of China.
The aspects of Sun's political ideal has been most influential. This ideal is expressed as The Three Principles: nationalism, democracy and the people's livelihood. This focuses on the idea that a country would only be successful if it was run by the people and for the people."
Sun played an instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty during the years leading up to the Double Ten Revolution. He was appointed to serve as Provisional President of the Republic of China, when it was founded in 1912. He later co-founded the Kuomintang (KMT) -- serving as its first leader. Sun was a uniting figure in post imperial China and remains unique among 20th-century Chinese politicians for being widely revered amongst the people from both sides of the Taiwan Strait.
His three visits to Canada occurred in 1897, 1910, and 1911. The first visit was limited to Victoria and Vancouver, where most Canadian Chinese then lived. The latter two visits included eastern Canada as well. By the time of the third visit, early 1911, political excitement was high among Vancouver's Chinese. He lectured daily in Sing Kew Chinese Theatre. Support and attendance were claimed to have been unprecedented. In October, the Chinese Revolution succeeded. The Qing Dynasty was overturned and a republic was established in its place.
Sun Dawu 孙大午
In 2004, Sun Dawu investigated various management systems for his business. These included joint-share, senior joint-share and family joint-share systems. However, he foresaw conflicts between individual interests and responsibilities. As a result, he devised the first Family Business Constitution in China which separated the rights of ownership, decision-making and operations.
Sun drew upon many outside sources in order to devise a sustainable development of the family business. He was inspired by lessons to be learned from The Incident at Xuanwu Gate in the early years of the Tang Dynasty. He also looked at the Central Government System of Three Councils and Six Boards in the Sui Dynasty. His research included both the Constitutional Monarchy in the U.K and the Separation of Powers in the US.
As a result, Sun Dawu designed a Family Business Constitution in 2004. This was intended to create a stable system in which "the three powers could co-exist while checking and balancing each other at the same time" according to Professor Yuping Du. The Constitution is the bedrock of the system.
D. Carlton Rossi
Langwuzhuang and Dawu Villages
The village of Langwuzhuang began 600 years ago in the countryside. At the beginning of the 20th century it had 1200 residents. It is probable that each one owned several mu of farmland. The village sprawls over quite a large area.
Sun Dawu’s family was born there on the east side which was bounded by a river. The west side, too, was bounded by a river; although, both have since dried up. His mother and father worked the fields. Later, his brother opened a prosperous store in the village.
Sun Dawu was able to lease the only available land which was west of the village. His brother helped him with some start-up costs. The business prospered so much so that his two brothers joined him there in 1995. His mother and father were the last to leave the village due to their farming ties, but they were persuaded by their sons to join them there.
The village of Dawu began thirty years ago. The thirtieth anniversary of the Dawu Group was celebrated on October 10th. By 2014, its inhabitants numbered about 3000. Its total area though appears smaller than Langwuzhuang.
Dawu Group is expanding in all directions. However, the primary direction of expansion seems to be toward Langwuzhuang. If everything else is equal then Sun Dawu has estimated that in another twenty years the village of Dawu will meet the village of Langwuzhuang. In fact, the walk between the two villages is becoming shorter and shorter with the construction of each new set of apartment buildings.
However, there is another factor that also must be considered. The new highway called G106 which was constructed by the Dawu Group begins/ends at Langwuzhuang. It is inevitable that greater road access will also contribute to the growth of both Dawu and Langwuzhuang. The end result will be the amalgamation of two villages with close historical and cultural ties.
D. Carlton Rossi
* Dawu village has become Dawu City
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